No wonder that so many people nowadays live beyond the borderline to poverty and do not have basic needs in order to survive. Global stratification has put these counties in the lowest division and has called them "Third World countries" or if to speak in financial terms "low-income nations". Second World nations are nations with moderate development patterns. The major condition in order to belong to the First World is wealth. This hierarchy is inevitable as it reflects the nature of relations between the nations of the world. According the UN data - 1 billion people suffer from starvation. That is a great number of people as it is 1\6 of the population of the planet. So, no matter how wealthy is the First World the problem of hunger and death in "underdeveloped" countries is not to be forgotten. Different theories-interpretations of the global stratification in their context offer suggestions of these "poor" nations.
Modernization Theory vs. Dependency Theory
The modernization theory is one of the points of view on the way the global stratification works. According to this theory the process of development of "weak" counties occurs throughout the help they get from the First World. It emphasizes the beneficial influence of economically developed countries over underdeveloped nations. Within this theory advanced nations provide different help but primarily technological aid to those countries that need it and therefore provide a stimuli for their further development.