Why Two Parties?

Published: 2021-09-10 02:35:09
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Category: American History

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Why Two Parties? A. Many people complain that the two dominant parties in America do not give them enough choices. In fact, at least two hundred fifty candidates filed petitions with the Federal Election Commission to run for president in 2008 as either third-party candidates. B. The Evolution of American Political Parties: Five Party Eras 1. Political machine means a strong party organization that maintained control by giving favors in return for votes. 2. Patronage that means a practice of providing jobs in exchange for political loyalty. 3. Civil service a merit- based system of employment and personnel management that replaced patronage. 4. New Deal coalition that mean constellation of social groups that became the core base of support for the Democratic Party after the election of Franklin D. Roosevelt. C. 1968 to Present 1. Democrats gained identifiers among the young, minorities,the middle class, the college educated,and moderates. D. Party Realignment 1. Depression by combining the party's traditional southern with democratic base with northern ethnic minorities and blacks who had been loyal to the Republican Party.
National Committees A. The national party chair presides over everyday operations of the national headquarters, monitors electoral races throughout the nation, helps set the party agenda and rules, and act something like a referee when there is a contested primary. B. Congressional and Senatorial Campaign Committees Each party maintains organizations to help its candidates win election or reelection to the two national legislative chambers. 1. The National Republican Congressional Committee (NRCC) 2. The National Republican Senatorial Committee (NRSC) 3. Their Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC) 4. The Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (DSCC) C. States Committee 1. Each state organization has its own peculiarities, but most state parties are headed by state committees sometimes known as stat central committees drawn from county, congressional district, and municipal party officials and led by a state party chair. D. Local Party Organizations 1. The higher levels of party organization have an incentive to work with local parties, since the national parties ultimately rely heavily upon local personnel to get out the vote on Election Day.

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