Rosa Louise McCauley Parks was born on February 4, 1913, in Tuskegee, Alabama. She was an African-American civil rights activist whom the U.S. Congress called "The first lady of civil rights". She was a leader to help the blacks become equal to whites therefore helping the world be a better place.
In 1932, Rosa married Raymond Parks, a barber from Montgomery, at her mother's house. He and Rosa became very involved with the NAACP during their lives together and Rosa became secretary to the president of the organization for a period of time. On December 1, 1955 in Montgomery Alabama, she was arrested for violating segregation laws when she refused to give up her bus seat to a white passenger. This resulted in a boycott of the bus system by blacks, with Martin Luther King, Jr. leading the movement and in 1956 segregated seating was challenged in a federal lawsuit. Within a few months bus segregation was ruled unconstitutional, and the buses were officially desegregated in December 1956.
After her arrest, she became an icon of the Civil Rights Movement but suffered hardships as a result. She lost her job at the department store, and her husband quit his job after his boss forbade him to talk about his wife or the legal case. She worked as a seamstress until 1965 when U.S. Representative John Conyers hired her as a secretary and receptionist for his congressional office in Detroit.